Eight top disciples of Dong Haiquan:
Ma Gui (1852–1942) & Ma Wei Qi (1951-1886)
Beijing: Ma Gui and some others famous BGZ masters in 1930 -
DHC Third stele
Ma Gui (Ma Kuei, 1852
-1942) was from Hebei, but grew up in Beijing. He was
also known as Ma
Shr Ching (Shiqing) and earned the nicknamed "Short Ma" and "Wooden Ma"
because of his physique and where he worked. He was also known for his
strength. He was able to lift heavy rock by one hand and could execute
very strong elbow strike. Thus, he also earned another nickname "Iron
elbow". Other favourite techniques for Ma Gui is the wrist. In one
story, he used his cutting wrist in the Langong Palace to break the arm
of a martial arts teacher and he became the head of the palace's
martial arts instructors. Ma Gui was also skilled at Crab Palm, Dian
Xue (Pressure-Point Fighting) and practiced the Unicorn style of Bagua.
He became famous in the capitol and people called him "Little Kunlun Ma
Gui". His Fali or explosion of power was famous
very heavy and very fast. He was said to
have developed an
internal strength with body alchemy technics.
originally worked as a servant before meeting Yin Fu when he was 18
years old. Through Yin Fu, he was introduced to Dong Haichuan. Dong
also taught Ma the back the fist system. This falls outside the main
structure of Bagua Zhang. When he was 23 (1880), he started a business
as a lumber merchant. He set up a studio where Bagua practitioners
could exchange skills. At that time Cheng Tinghua's and Liu Fengchun's
men were in the capitol and would come to the Lumber shop to practice.
Ma Gui was able to train with and learned with them.
Revolution of 1911, he worked as teacher in new military school. Since
1928 - consultant of Hebei guoshu institute. Ma Gui loved to fight and
challenge and defeated many famous masters. He didn't like to teach and
thus he had only a few students.
Cao Zhong Sheng (wrote a book with a chapter on Ma's life in 1932), Fu
Zhen Song, Wang
more see also Dong Haichuan's Third Stele by Ma Gui
Ma Wei Qi (1851 - 1886)
(some people write Ma Wei Chi) owned a shop in Beijing
selling coal and briquettes and he was
therefore nicknamed "Mei Ma" or Coal Ma". As a young man he liked to
fight. When Dong Haiquan became famous, Ma visited him in order to
compare skills. Ma was easily defeated by Dong. Ma then threw himself
down in front of Dong's school and begged to be taught. Among the
students of the Bagua Zhang school, Ma was known as a person of
outstanding talent. However, he had a fiery temper, was arrogant and
liked to challenge people to test his skills. He had no respect for
others except for his teacher and thus he was no liked within the
martial arts circle.
Ma was an expert in Baguazhang, Baguadao,
and Bagua Turning Spear. He was famous for his spear technique. Many
stories exist describe the adventures of Ma. In one story, the
coal-heap-walking caught the attention of an itinerant acrobatic
entertainer called Hu San who wondered if Ma was in his right mind.
When Ma told him he was practicing kung fu, Hu San laughed with scorn
and decided to teach Ma the real meaning of kung fu. They decided to
have a trial of strength. Hu tried to come to grips with Ma but
couldn't even touch him. Ma simply walked in circles around his
opponent, and Hu began to feel dizzy and gradually lost control. Before
Hu knew what was happening, Ma had caught hold of Hu's hands and threw
him to the ground some three meters away. Hu San got up, acknowledged
defeat and expressed his admiration for Baguazhang.  According to
another story, the Su Wang Palace advertised for martial arts teachers.
Ma applied and was ordered him to demonstrate his martial skills. Ma
picked up a Big Spear and moved into the prince's practice hall to
begin. In the hall were many antiques and precious wall hangings. Ma
took his spear in hand and performed flawlessly and did not break
anything. Su Wang wanted to give him the appointment but he felt that
if this man were to get angry and violent, he couldn't be controlled.
He awarded Ma 1000 double silvers, and ordered him to return home. In
another story, a famous caravan escort named Zhao Keli from the North
East played tribute to Ma. During the meeting, Ma only heaped insults
on Zhao. This angered Zhao and he challenged Ma. Ma used a heavy hand
to wound Zhao but did not kill him. Those stories illustrates some of
the character of the man.
Ma died when he was only 29 years old.
One story suggest that he died from complications due to injuries
inquired while he was training a jumping technique and hurt his back.
In other story, Ma died because of injuries suffered after a
competition. He went to Dong for healing, but the poison from the
wounds had entered his bones. He couldn't be cured with accupuncture or
herbs. Xie Peiqi consider Ma to be one of Dong's best students.
He had only ten students among them are
Liu Zipei, Yan Ju-Lin.
4. Ma Gui
5. Ma Wei Qi
6. Liu Feng
7. Liu De Kuan
8. Song Chang
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